Like other Enlightenment philosophies such as Utilitarianism there is an emphasis on impartiality, and there is no conception of specific duties to specific people. This academia was first published 13 Nov and last revised 13 Feb If you would want other people to help you then it is inconsistent and hypocritical not to help others when they need it.
Your answers reveal a lot about whether this temptation takes the form of an affect or passion for you, as well as how you should focus your strength to fight it.
I agree with Ayn Rand in that we should be selfish, at least some of the time. Duties of beneficence — acting to better other people, e. Most persons committing adultery are probably experiencing problems in their relationship. Meanwhile, surely morality demands that you do the right thing and respect other people regardless of what you get out of it?
But life is more complicated than that.
On the other hand, take Jennifer. Given its deeper penetration into the way we make moral choices, passion may lead to a descent into "viciousness," rather than just the simple, occasional "lack of virtue" indicated by succumbing to affect. Indeed, it may be that in order to rank the duties we will start having to think about the consequences, and if we do this then we are departing from a deontological perspective.
When an adulterer attempts to cheat on their spouse, there intrinsically must be something causing distress in the relationship, otherwise they would not consider that kind of action. If there is any chance that the adulterer could be caught, then there is no way adultery can be morally justified.
Just as I am to respect the shopkeeper and pay him for what I take, so too he must respect me and give me the correct goods and change.
I feel the consequences must be examined in order to determine whether it is a moral endeavor or not. He is a good person who may occasionally do something he feels is wrong despite his better judgment. For there is no parallel between death and even the most miserable life, so that there is no equality of crime and retribution unless the perpetrator is judicially put to death.
Some say that this is an unhelpful principle as practically anything can be universalised under one maxim or another.
In the case of adultery, the person committing adultery must certainly be fairly confident they are going to experience pleasure, and thus happiness.
Rand argues that it is impossible to know what other people want, so therefore it would be acceptable to commit adultery in all cases because we do not know what our significant others are thinking.
Good will and duty Kant placed a great emphasis on the motives for performing an action, and in his Groundwork of The Metaphysics of Morals he wrote: If we feel compelled to go out and cheat on our spouses, we should do it.
If we feel it is in our best interest, there is no reason why we should not do it.Kant Adultery Project in He then presents his view that punishment is justified by the criminal's having Capital punishment, Categorical imperative, A notable feature is that, unlike Utilitarianism, he thought empirical evidence was an unreliable guide and that how we experience things came from the mind (a priori).
how adultery is view from a utilitarian's point of view. According to one form of act-utilitarianism (call it AU1 and call act-utilitarianism in general AU), an act is morally right, if and only if its agent can justifiably believe (from an intellectual point of view) it to maximize expected utility (or well-being or welfare).
View Virtue Ethics (VE) and Adultery from PHIL at University of British Columbia. o Needs to consider distant effects that seem irrelevant • Rule utilitarianism thinks we should follow rules.
The Morality of Adultery. if the Hedonistic Calculus was taken from the point of view of the adulterer’s spouse or family, then I think Mill would argue that adultery would make many more people unhappy than happy. Most of the time, adultery will only please a minority, and thus that makes it unethical.
Mill’s theory of utilitarianism. Essay on Utilitarianism And Kantian Ethics Words | 5 Pages Utilitarianism and Kantian Ethics Ethics is one part of philosophy that will always be studied, and like most subjects in philosophy, will never be viewed the same by everyone.Download