Twelfth plan, —[ edit ] See also: The young, large-scale, socialized agriculture, growing now even faster than big industry, had a great future and could show miracles of growth.
The farmers were required to hand over a certain amount of produce to the state each year. Moreover, was the driest year sinceand the harvest was poor. Joseph Stalin In a country full of chaos, a great leader is needed to restore order.
Soviet anti-religious legislation and USSR anti-religious campaign — Because of the successes made by the first plan, Stalin did not hesitate with going ahead with the second five-year plan inalthough the official start-date for the plan was Due to his complete unquestioned authority, he never had to cite or give a single statistic, fact or figure.
Collectivization was mainly directed against the kulaks, which were the rich peasants who owned their own land. After WW1, Russia was extremely unstable. Reconstruction was impeded by a chronic labor shortage due to the enormous number of Soviet casualties in the war between million.
This was highly successful. July Learn how and when to remove this template message From tothe number of Soviet workers in industry, construction, and transport grew from 4.
But because Stalin insisted on unrealistic production targets, serious problems soon arose. As a result, unemployment had been abolished. By setting crucial goals for the country, the Soviet Union became stronger than it was before Stalin was in power.
Basically, Stalin would take land from the people who had owned it since Here "duty" can also be interpreted as "debt. Officially the first five-year plan for industry was fulfilled to the extent of Fourth and fifth plans, —[ edit ] Stalin in promised that the USSR would be the leading industrial power by Heavy industry was essential for defense and for supplying agricultural tractors and combines.
Further improvements were made in communications, especially railways, which became faster and more reliable. Collectivization was further expected to free many peasants for industrial work in the cities and to enable the party to extend its political dominance over the remaining peasantry.
While ideology and economics were a major part, preparation for the upcoming war also affected all of the major parts of the five-year plan. In addition, the Russian Civil War, which had been the main reason for the introduction of War Communism, had virtually been won; and so controls could be relaxed.
In the s, there was a great debate between BukharinTomsky and Rykov on the one hand, and TrotskyZinoviev and Kamenev on the other.
There was no country ever known to industrialize so quickly. The Soviet State had nationalized the Odhner arithmometer factory in Saint Petersburg after the revolution. He also collectivized the farms for the good of the people as a whole. The second plan employed incentives as well as punishments and the targets were eased as a reward for the first plan being finished ahead of schedule in only four years.
Stalin had believed that equality and democracy had to wait until the Soviet Union had a thriving industrial economy.
That is until Stalin made the Soviet Union involved in international affairs. Eleventh five-year plan Soviet Union During the eleventh five-year plan, the country imported some 42 million tons of grain annually, almost twice as much as during the tenth five-year plan and three times as much as during the ninth five-year plan — Stalin described it as a new revolution from above.Joseph Stalin, leader of Russia (), created a Five-Year Plan that included methods and goals which were detrimental to Russian agriculture in Stalin wanted to transform individual farms into large collective farms because he saw that the government was losing money to private traders.
Free essay on stalin five year plans papers, essays, - In the USSR, during the first of Joseph Stalin’s five-year plans, it was a cutthroat, hard working place in time.
An organisation called Gosplan was created to plan all this out. · The first five year plan was from to · The second five year plan was from to In Stalin began the First Five-Year Plan, an ambitious attempt to quickly modernize the Soviet economy.
In the speech below, given in to the Central Committee of the Communist Party, Stalin explained the goals and results of the Five - Year Plan.
The five-year plans for the development of the national economy of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin inherited and upheld the New Economic Policy (NEP) Because of the successes made by the first plan, Stalin did not hesitate with going ahead with the second five-year plan inalthough the official start-date for the plan was Stalin's First Five-Year Plan, adopted by the party incalled for rapid industrialization of the economy, with an emphasis on heavy industry.
It set goals that were unrealistic—a percent increase in overall industrial development and a percent expansion in heavy industry alone. Primary Source for 04/28/, Joseph Stalin: Joseph Stalin became the leader of the Soviet Union after Lenin’s death in In Stalin began the First Five-Year Plan, an ambitious attempt to quickly modernize the Soviet economy.Download