Overlapping marble was used in the building for the roof; it was called imbrices and tegulae. An unreinforced dome in these proportions made of modern concrete would hardly stand the load of its own weight, since concrete has very low tensile strength, yet the Pantheon has stood for centuries.
Otherwise, the weight of the dome would have spread the vertical walls of the drum and the Pantheon would not have lasted. The inside coffers were originally decorated by bronze start ornaments, but their main function was to reduce the weight of the roof.
They used ropes of vitreous china for reinforcement. Marbles are the main adorning of the lower part of interior. It may be noted that the proportions of the building are in discord with the classical ideal.
This dome was the largest in the world until On the frieze, as the most vivid architectural characteristic of the temple, we could see the Pananthenaia — the annual festival in honor of Athena and all the gods of the Pantheon.
It is known from Roman sources that their concrete is made up of a pasty hydrate of lime, with pozzolanic ash and lightweight pumice from a nearby volcano, and fist-sized pieces of rock.
Overall, the two buildings Parthenon and Pantheon reflect the ancient cultural tradition, have very rich history, they were ruined and reconstructed, they served as churches, tomb and even treasure. Rebar — All concrete is weak in tension.
Its Elements, History and Meaning. This appears to have prevented the air bubbles that normally form in concrete as the material dries, thus increasing its strength enormously. To further compensate for the weakness and weight of the concrete, the Romans built extremely thick footing and drum walls.
Pantheon is circular with three ranks of granite Corinthian columns. Contrary to Pantheon, Parthenon is a square building, surrounded by columns from all sides, they look also solid as the columns of Pantheon.
More Essay Examples on Compare Rubric In appearance Parthenon and Pantheon have some features in common like a number of columns for example, but in fact they differ a lot. At the backside of portico remained niches; presumably they were for statues of gods.
However, by the time the pediment was built, it was realised that the supply of imported stone for the columns was not enough to build to its anticipated height, and thus the builders had to settle with a building that is somewhat out of proportion. The dome of the Pantheon can be detected in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: In this, it is very similar to modern concrete.
They are different in form, but as the Roman and Creek cultures were really closely related, there were a lot of similar materials used for them.
The Pantheon is full of such devices — for example, there are relieving arches over the recesses inside — but all these arches were, of course, originally hidden by marble facing. We strengthen our concrete with reinforcing steel rebar. The holes of the pediment are the places where the bronze sculpture of the Battle of the Titans was attached.
Some changes have been made in the interior decoration.
The exact composition of the Roman concrete used in the dome remains a mystery.Compare the Parthenon in Athens with the Pantheon in Rome The word Pantheon from Greek means “Temple of all Gods” - Compare the Parthenon in Athens with the Pantheon in Rome introduction.
This is a famous building in Rome, which was initially built in 27 BCE BCE to praise the ancient Gods of the seven planets, but after the 7th century. The Pantheon and the Parthenon are both ancient temples. While the Pantheon was built in Rome to celebrate all the Roman gods, the Parthenon was built in Ancient Greece for the goddess Athena.
The Parthenon pre-dates the Pantheon by about six centuries; it was built around BCE, while the Pantheon was built in CE. The Parthenon, Athens and the Pantheon, Rome.
By a student from University of People Professor Lisa St Louis Written Assignment 2 for Art History course Abstract This essay will describe the function and style of the Parthenon in Athens and Pantheon in Rome. The Parthenon built by the Greeks in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome built by the Romans.
On first looking at the buildings, the Parthenon is rectangular and the Pantheon. The Parthenon was constructed approximately six before the construction of the Roman Pantheon, which was build in AD.
As a consequence of this, it remains probable to scrutinize the impact of Greek on Roman art via the comparison of the Pantheon and Parthenon (Roth and Amanda 28). Comparisons of The Parthenon in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome Essay. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Your email address will not be published.
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